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4 (109), 2023


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (106)   -   MARCH, 2023   -   Pages: 27-34
A historical essay of the development of the epidemiology of malignant neoplasms: modern realities and prospects for development
Prysyazhnyuk A.E.1, Chernichenko I.O.2, Fedorenko Z.P.3
1 SI National Research Centre for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
2 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv
3 National Cancer Institute of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

ABSTRACT:
The purpose of the current study is to systematize the established causative factors of cancer based on the analysis of literary and scientific sources that highlight epidemiological findings about the influence of environmental factors on the incidence of malignant neoplasms.
Research materials and methods: bibliosematic, bibliographic, hygienic, data from own research and materials from literary sources.

The results. By systematizing the established causative factors of cancer based on the analysis of literary data and scientific observations in the historical aspect, the main epidemiological findings regarding the influence of environmental factors on the incidence of malignant neoplasms were determined. Special emphasis is placed on the problem of tobacco smoking. The criterion scale of the role of individual factors of the environment, production, natural and household factors to the social conditions of life in the development of cancer pathology is given.
The role of epidemiological researches in the study of malignant neoplasms and the identification of causal factors is illustrated by the materials of observations of thyroid cancer in a number of regions of Ukraine 30 years after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Conclusion: Epidemiological research of malignant tumors is a promising scientific direction and, above all, in the process of studying the role of environmental pollution, climatic, geographical, professional and other factors of human life and needs wider use within Ukraine.

KEYWORDS:
cancer, malignant neoplasms, epidemiology, occupational factors, environmental factors, thyroid gland
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