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Ļ 4 (109), 2023


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (106)   -   MARCH, 2023   -   Pages: 19-26
Psychohygienic assessment of the features of emotional burnout, asthenic and depressive states and aggression of students in the conditions of remote (on-line) education
Serheta I.V.1, Verheles T.M.1
1 National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

ABSTRACT:
The aim of the work was to perform a psychohygienic assessment the characteristics of the spread of emotional burnoutís features, asthenic and depressive states and aggression of students in the conditions of the use of remote (on-line) organization of educational activities.

Materials and methods: The research was conducted on the basis of National Pyrohov Memorial Medical University. A complex of highly informative hygienic, medical-sociological and psychodiagnostic methods and the methods of statistical analysis was used.

Results: When considering the leading characteristics of emotional burnout, first of all, it was necessary to pay attention to a significant increase in the level of expression of resistance phase indicators (ū<0.05-0.01), characteristic of the organization of the educational process according to the auditorium format, against the background of completely stable expression indicators of the specified phase (p>0.05), characteristic of the organization of the educational process according to the remote format. In the course of research aimed at determining the correlates of the asthenic state, it was established that under the conditions of using the remote form of education, either a decrease in the degree of their expression was observed (young women), or the indicators stabilized at the initial level (young men). When determining the characteristics of changes in the leading correlates of depression, it was noticed that under the conditions of using the remote format of the organization of the educational process, either a significant decrease in the degree of their expression was observed (young women), or the indicators stabilized at the initial level (young men) too. During the analysis of indicators of aggressive personality manifestations, it should be noted that under the conditions of remote education, statistically significant changes were observed in the characteristics of physical aggression (p<0.05) and negativism (p<0.05).

Conclusions: In the course the research the psychohygienic assessment of the personality traits of students in the conditions of application of a remote form of organization of educational activity was carried out. It is established that in the case of use on-line learning there is a significant increase in the degree of expression of the phase of tension of emotional burnout, the stable course of the processes of formation of asthenic and depressive states, a decrease in the level of physical aggression on the background of a pronounced increase in the degree of negativism in the structure of aggressive manifestations.

KEYWORDS:
students, higher education institution, remote (on-line) education, emotional burnout, asthenic state, depressive state, aggression
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