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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (75)   -   2015   -   Pages: 55-58
Physio-ogical-hygienic peculiarities of the labouramong the operators of the bottling of non-alcoholic and lowalcoholic beverages into the glass containers in modern manufacture
Brukhno R.P.1
1 O.O. Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv

: 613.644:663.059

ABSTRACT:
Objective. We presented a hygienic assessment of the effect of the harmful factors of the occupational environment, noise in particular, on the organisms of the operators of bottling of non-alcoholic and low alcoholic beverages on the basis of the study of the labour conditions and health state and substantiated the sanitary recommendations.

Materials and Methods. Ourstudy was conducted at the "Rosinka" factory. We assessedthe following parameters: noise level, microclimate indices, illumination at the working places; heaviness and intensity of the operators' work. We determined a biological age of the personnel. Morbidity of the operators was analyzed by the periodical medical examinations' data.

Results. The operatorsare undergone a complex effect of the occupational noise, unfavorable microclimate and insufficient level of the artificial and natural illumination. The basic harmful factor of the occupational environment is a noise with the levels exceeding the allowable values by 15.6 dBA. The labour conditions of the operators, according to hygienic normative 3.3.5-3.3.8; 6.6.1-083-2001, arereferred to the 3.2 danger group (harmful). We revealed a high morbidity level with the sensorineural deafness (16.02 4.90)%, ocular diseases (53.40 6.66)%, respiratory diseases (30.26 6.13)%, disgestion diseases (8.90 3.80)% among the workers of "noise" professions. We also detected the increased rates of the operators' aging. Conclusions. Acauseeffect relationship between conditions, character of labor and levels of morbidity, indices of the biological age of the operators was established in the study.

KEYWORDS:
physiological-hygienic assessment, occupational noise, operators, sensorineural deafness
REFERENCES:
1. Kundiev Yu.I., Nagornaia A.M. Professionalnoe zdorovie v Ukraine. Epidemiologicheskii analiz [Occupational Health in Ukraine. Epidemiological Analysis]. Kyiv: Avitsena; 2007 : 396 p. (in Russian).
2. Ministerstvo okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy Vyznachennia funktsionalnoho viku i tempiv starinnia liudyny: metodychni rekomendatsii [Determination of the Functional Age and Human Ageing Rates]. Kyiv ; 1996 : 14 p. (in Ukrainian).
3. Merkov A.M., Poliakov L.E. Sanitarnaia statistika [Sanitary Statistics]. Leningrad : Meditsina; 1974: 383 p. (in Russian).
4. Lapach S.N., Chubenko A.V., Babich P.N. Statisticheskie metody v medikobiologicheskikh issledovaniiakh s ispolzovaniem Exel [Statistic Methods in Medico-Biological Research with the Application of Exel]. Kyiv: Morion; 2001: 408 p. (in Russian).
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